Found an article tonight containing images of letters mailed with Confederate postage to Mail Route 1538 which was between Marianna and Campbellton. According to documents in the National Archives, my G-Great Grandfather, John Young Register of Geneva, had the contract to deliver the mail along this route in 1861. This was the road that the Yankees took before the Battle of Marianna.
from the CONFEDERATE PHILATELIST:
his confusion was rectified with the name change of the Jackson County Bartow post office to Beauregard sometime in 1862. The cover in Fig. 1 is the known example recorded from Beauregard. It has a manuscript postmark of Beauregard Fla, Oct 24th, with a pen cancelled #2 with usage to Attapulgus, Ga. How the mail was handled at the Beauregard post office is unclear. There is no record of any mail routes specifically mentioning Beauregard as a town serviced on any of the postal routes of Confederate Florida detailed in three separate 1992 articles by Stefan T. Jaronski inThe Confederate Philatelist (3). There is, however, in the records in the National Archives (4) a written pen notation "Beauregard, Jackson County, Fla." at the top of a mail contract for Route 1538, Marianna Fla to Campbellton and back twice a week, offered on 15 May 1863 to Thomas L. Bevis for $28'5 per annum. It is likely that Beauregard was located somewhere between Marianna and Campbellton. Jaronski recorded in his article that this route 1538 had been in service in 1861 with J. Y. Register of Geneva, Ala. as contractor, re-let to J. Daniel on November 11, 1861, advertised in 1862, and that Thomas L. Bevis, of Beauregard, was actually awarded the contract on July 2, 1863 for $285 per year.
|Figure 3 -- ATLANTA/Ga. JAN 30 1862 postmark tied 5c Green Lithograph use to Bartow, Jackson Co., Florida.|
2. ELIZABETH2 SIMMONS (JOHN R1) was born October 22, 1842 in Mississippi, and died November 07, 1917 in Geneva, Geneva City, Al. She marriedWILLIAM DUNCAN CAMPBELL December 10, 1867 in Pike County, Al, son of ARCHIBALD CAMPBELLand MARY Y?.
Notes for ELIZABETH SIMMONS:
The following was told by Elizabeth Simmons Campbell about 3 weeks before her death on Nov 7, 1917. It was verified by John Register, a Baptist Preacher, son of Young Register.
"The Yankee Raiders took Uncle Young Registerout of his house and was going to hang him in the old mulberry tree that is now standing behind my house,just because he was A Southern Man, and his wife, Aunt Margaret Campbell Register clung to him and cut the ropes from him and saved his life.They (ed. note: the Yankees) took all the dishes they had and broke them up . I have heard Uncle Youngand Aunt Margaret tell this many a time. They took out some more men in Oak Bluff Settlement and were going to hang them. They went to Ben Burses and took his dead wife's silk dresses and tore them up, and took all his corn and everything that he had. Took all the horses and mules away from the people, took all the negroes away. Never did get to our house, as we did not live on main road."From: CHARLES T ZEIGLER <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: [REGISTER] Headstone
Date: Sat, 20 Nov 1999 13:24:56 -0500
To all on the list. I was in The Geneva City Cemetery at Geneva, Alabama
to day and saw this headstone. It caught my attention because of the
inscription. Perhaps it might just fit into someone's lineage. His wife
is also buried beside him along with some other Registers.
It reads:Rev. J. Y. Register
Washington Co., Ga.
Dec 3, 1818
Geneva Co., Al.
Rev. John Y. Register
Oct 21, 1821
Died May 20, 1910
Charles T. Zeigler
Found this document on the Internet prepared by my g-g-grandfather J. Y. Register for a widow's claim filed for settlement:
Register of Claims of deceased Officers and Soldiers from Alabama which were filed for settlement in the Office of the Confederate States Auditor for the War Department By Whom Presented: Ardilla Green, Widow When Filed: Dec. 17, 1863 Comptroller: When reported to: Oct. 11, 1864 When returned: Oct. 28, 1864 Number of settlements: Certificates: 19950 Amount found due: $169.96 Hill Hospital Ringgold, GA. Oct. 17th, 1863 Sir, W.A. Green, Private 25th Ala. Co. “K”, died this day in Hospital of Virlinus Sclopeticum. Effects – Six Dollars and fifty cents ($6.50) Very Respectfully, Your Obedient Servant W.J. Burt Asst. Secy in Charge of Hospital The State of Alabama, Coffee County On this the 4th day of December A.D. 1863 before me, J.Y. Register, a Justice of the Peace, in and for said State and County, personally appeared Ardilla Green of Coffee County, and made oath according to law, the same is the wife of William A. Green, a private of Company (K) Captain D.C. Monroe in 25th Regiment Alabama Volunteers, that the said William A. Green volunteered at Elba on the 20th day of January 1862 for three years or the war, and continued in actual service until the 17th of October A.D. 1863 at which time he the said William A. Green did die at Ringgold, Geo. of wounds received at the battle of Chickamauga on the 20th of September 1863 leaving a wife and three children and that she is therefore the only person fully entitled to receive the pay or arrears of pay, commutation, bounty and c., that may be found due said deceased William A. Green from the Confederate States and that she authorizes J.Y. Register to apply for and receive for her sole benefit whatever may be due to said William A. Green by reason of service rendered by him in the army of the Confederate States, to whose recipe shall be a full acquittance and discharge against me for the same. And at the same time, also appeared Stephen Hawkins and T.H. Yarborough who after being duly sworn that they are acquainted with the said Ardilla Green and knew the said William A. Green, deceased, and that the facts as sworn to by the said Ardilla Green are substantially true, and they are not interested in this claim. Ardilla Green (her mark) L.S. Stephen Hawkins L.S. T.H. Yarborough L.S. The foregoing affidavit were subscribed and sworn to before me, on the day and year the same bears date and I certify that I know affiant to be credible, that the applicant is the person she represents herself to be and that I have not interest in the prosecution of said claim. J.Y. Register, J.P. The State of Alabama, Coffee County I Rowling W. Starke Judge of the Court of Probate in and for the county and state aforesaid hereby certify that J.Y. Register, Esq. whose genuine signature appears to the foregoing affidavit and certificate of acknowledgement was at the time of signing the same and is now an acting Justice of the Peace duly commissioned and qualified, and that full faith and credit are due his official acts, and further, that this is a Court of record having a Seal, and that I am ex-officio keeper thereof. Given under my hand and official Seal at office this 7th day of December A.D. 1863 R.W. Starke, Judge of Probate The Confederate States To: Ardilla Green, Widow of William A. Green, deceased, late Private of Capt. D.C. Monroe’s Co. K., 25th Regt. Ala. Vols. For pay of said deceased from June 30, 1863 the date of last payment to Oct. 17, 1863, the date of his death 3 mos. & 17 days $39.23 >From Oct. 62 to Oct. 63 – 12 mos at $134.13 - $134.13 Commutation for clothing – 10 days at 24 cts per day 2.10 $136.23 Clothing Drawn -$12.00 124.23 Amt. in hands of Israel Gibbons Capt. & Post L.M. (no amount listed) Rec’d of W.J. Burt Asst Secy Hill Hospital Ringgold, Ga. 6.50 $169.96 As per Report of Lieut. E.E. Yonge & Israel Gibbons Capt. & Post L.M. Payable to Ardilla Green Widow Coffee Co., Ala. Care of Capt. H. Fowler Agent for Ala. Box 1508 Richmond, Va. TREASURY DEPARTMENT Second Auditor’s Office October 11th 1864 R.F. Gordon, Clerk Comptroller’s Office Oct. 28th, 1864 P.H. Pendleton, ClerkI also found this land sale on the Internet:
http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~dobson/al/alcoffee.htmE-274: Coffee Co. AL, 18 June 1859, Daniel Duncan and wifeMary (X) Duncan to J.Y. Register for $60, SE 1/4 NW 1/4 and NE 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.25 T3 R21, 80 acres; no wit. (FHL film 1,031,290) (MAD: 1850 Pike Co. AL census, 1860 Henry Co. AL census)
In 1895 my g-g uncle J.F. Register was the pastor of five different Baptist Churches in both Alabama & Florida:
Church Directory 1895 Pastors and their addresses Members Pilgrims Rest GJ Canant Dale, Al ? Hurricane JF Register Holmes, Fl 48 Pleasant Grove John Patten Holmes, Fl 81 Shiloh James Blount Geneva, Al 99 Union JF Register Geneva, Al ? Spring Creek JLC White Geneva, Al 39 New Teamon S Willerford 66 Pleasant Hill James Blount Geneva, Al ? Christian Home GJ Canant Geneva, Al ? Leonia JF Register Holmes, Fl 53 Elbethel HS Nichols Geneva, Fl 46 New Prospect JF Register Geneva, Al 38 Zion Hill S Willerford Geneva, Al 28 Fellowship James Blount Geneva, Al 6 New Hope JF Register Holmes, Fl 65 Here's the story of how J.F.Register was drafted into the Confederate Army: The capture of the Bloomer led to a lot of my ancestors having to join the Confederate army. The incident is hilarious but the consequences were horrific. Any chance the " Bloomer " could have been used in blockade running? The "Bloomer" was a 130 ton sidewheeler with high pressure engines. It had a hole in one of its boilers and was moored at the wharf at river junction in Geneva. On Sunday afternoon, December 28, 1862, two groups of Yankees(25 men of the 91st New York Volunteers commanded by Lieutenant James H. Stewart and the crew of the blockading schooner "Charlotte" commanded by Acting Master Elias D. Bruner) repaired the boiler, fired the engines and started down the Choctawhatchee for Pensacola. The Army and the Navy fought over this prize of war but the U.S. Claims Court at New Orleans awarded the steamboat to Master Bruner and his crew. The U.S. government paid them $5,100 for the ship and it joined Admiral Farragut's Northern Gulf Blockading Squadron and saw service in Pensacola Bay, Santa Rosa Sound, Choctawhatchee Bay and in the salt raids in the St. Andrews Bay area. Governor Shorter used this incident as a propaganda tool to encourage enlistment in Southeast Alabama. I'm pretty sure this was the first time Alabama had been invaded by Yankees so Shorter played up the fact that "the back door to Alabama stood open to invaders." A good description of the "Bloomer Incident" is found in E.W. Carswell's Holmesteading, a history of Holmes County, Florida. This information concerns my g-great uncle, John Forsyth Register's unit, the 6th Alabama Calvary. Excerpt of a letter from Mark Curenton to Ron Jones dated 12 Apr 1999: “What this blurb does not mention is the reason that the 6th Alabama Cavalry was transferred from Clanton’s brigade to north Alabama. Clanton’s brigade, consisting of the 57th Alabama Infantry, the 61st Alabama Infantry, the 6th Alabama Cavalry, the 7th Alabama Cavalry, Clanton’s battery and Tarrant’s battery, was organized in early 1863 as a direct result of the raid by Union forces through Walton County in December of 1862. This raid resulted in the capture of the steamboat Bloomer on the Choctawhatchee River just south of Geneva, Alabama. This brigade served in west Florida and south Alabama to guard against future raids. By December of 1863 morale in the brigade was so low that there was open talk of laying down their guns and going home. On January 5, 1864, sixty men out of 300 stationed at Gonzales, Florida mutinied and refused to serve any more. They were all swiftly arrested. The Confederate command broke up the brigade and transferred the regiments to different commands to prevent any further occurrence of mutinous conduct.” My g-great uncle, John Forsyth Register, enlisted in Company "K" in the 6th Alabama Calvary in April of 1863 at Geneva, Alabama. He was honorably discharged from the Confederate Army on May 5, 1865 and took the oath of allegiance at Montgomery on May 30, 1865. John was elected the second sheriff of Geneva County on November 7, 1871. The community of Leonia in northern Holmes County, Florida, is named after his first wife. He was a Missionary Baptist preacher for 43 years and according to my family's papers, he recorded more members into the Baptist Church than any other Baptist minister who lived in the Geneva area. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 6th Alabama Cavalry Regiment The 6th Alabama Cavalry was organized near Pine Level, early in 1863, as part of Brig. Gen'l James H. Clanton's brigade. Recruits were gathered from Barbour, Coffee, Coosa, Henry, Macon, Montgomery, Pike, and Tallapoosa counties. It was first engaged near Pollard with a column of the enemy that moved out from Pensacola. Ordered then to North Alabama, the 6th was concerned in several skirmishes near Decatur, with small loss. During the Atlanta-Dalton campaign, the regiment served for several weeks as part of Brig. Gen'l Samuel W. Ferguson's and Brig. Gen'l Frank C. Armstrong's brigades, losing quite a number. A portion of the regiment resisted Maj. Gen'l Lovel H. Rousseau at Ten Islands, losing a number killed and captured. Transferred to West Florida, the 6th fought Maj. Gen'l Frederick Steele's column at Bluff Springs, under orders from Col Armstead, and its loss was severe, especially in prisoners. The remnant fought Maj. Gen'l James H. Wilson's column, and laid down their arms at Gainesville, fewer than 200 men. Field officers: Col. Charles H. Colvin, Lt. Col. Washington T. Lary (captured at Ten Islands); Major Eliphalet Ariel McWhorter (captured at Ten Islands, Bluff Springs); and Adjutant Joseph A. Robertson Here's a picture of the monument of a mass grave of 6000 Confederate dead that includes the remains of my g-great uncle William Duncan Register.His name can be found on the monument.This is the largest Confederate burial ground in all of the North. THE STORY OF MY G-GREAT UNCLE W.D. Register's UNIT'S CONFEDERATE FLAG: This flag was made by Miss Martha Crossley, Miss Queen Gamble and other ladies of Perote, Pike County, Alabama. It was presented to the company in September 1860 on the steps of the Methodist Church in Perote. The flag was presented by Miss Crossley and received for the company by M. B. Locke. The Perote Guards were sent to Pensacola, Florida where they became part of the 1st Alabama Infantry. Upon receipt of a regimental flag, the company flags were placed with the regimental quartermaster for safe keeping. The 1st Alabama Infantry surrendered on April 7, 1862 at Island No. 10. Following the surrender, the flag was taken from the company baggage by members of the 15th Wisconsin Infantry and eventually carried back to Wisconsin. Learning of the flag's location Dr. Thomas Owen, Director of the Alabama Department of Archives and History, requested its return in the summer of 1903. Ruben G. Thwaites, Secretary of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, replied on June 19, 1903 that he felt the Society would be quite willing to return the flag. This, however, would require a resolution by their legislature which did not meet again until January 1905. On March 15, 1905 Lieutenant and Acting Governor R. M. Cunningham requested that the flag be returned to Alabama. Joint Resolution Number 29-S of the Legislature of the State of Wisconsin, April 13, 1905 approved the return of the flag. THE HISTORY OF MY G-GREAT UNCLE, WILLIAM DUNCAN REGISTER'S, UNIT First Alabama Infantry Regiment -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This was the first regiment organized under the act of the State legislature authorizing the enlistment of troops for twelve months. The companies rendezvoused at Pensacola in February and March 1861, and about the 1st of April organized by the election of regimental officers. Transferred to the army of the Confederate States soon after, it remained on duty at Pensacola for a year. It was chiefly occupied in manning the batteries and took part in the bombardments of November 23, and January 1, 1862. A detachment was in the night fight on Santa Rosa Island. Being the oldest regiment in the Confederate service, it was first called on to re-enlist for the war , at the end of the first year, and seven of the companies did so. Ordered to Tennessee, the regiment, 1000 strong, reached Island Ten March 12, 1862. In the severe conflict there, all but a remnant of the regiment were captured. Those who escaped were organized into a battalion, which was part of the garrision at Fort Pillow, and afterwards fought at Corinth. Those captured were exchanged in September, and the regiment rendezvoused at Jackson, Miss., having lost 150 by death in prison, 150 by casualties since and during the siege of Island Ten. At once ordered to Port Hudson, they participated in the privations of that siege. They were captured, after losing 150 killed and wounded. The privates were paroled and the officers kept in prison till the peace. The men were exchanged in the fall, and joined Gen. Johnston in Mississippi, 610 strong. The regiment was then at Mobile and Pollard, and joined Gen. Johnston at Alatoona. In Cantey's brigade, it fought at New Hope, and was afterwards transferred to the brigade of Gen. Quarles, in which it served till the end. It participated at Kennesa, and lost considerably at Peach Tree Creek. In the terrible assault on the enemy's lines at Atlanta, July 28, the regiment won fresh renown, but lost half of its force in killed and wounded. Moving with Hood into Tennessee, it again lost very heavily at Franklin and Nashville. Transferred to North Carolina, it took part at Averysboro and Bentonville, and about 100 men surrendered at Goldsboro. Upwards of 3000 names were on its rolls at different times during the war, including the companies that did not re-enlist. Captain Henry Wesley Laird's "Gulf Rangers" William Duncan Register(d.o.b. August 18, 1842) Corporal, born in Georgia, died in Camp Douglas Prison in Chicago, Illinois on 13 July 1862; claim filed August 3, 1863 by John Register (This is William's father ,my g-great grandfather John Young Register) Found out that my Grandfather Register's Daddy's oldest brother, William Duncan Register, Pvt. Co. D. 1st AL, TN, MS Infantry (died July 13, 1862) is buried in downtown Chicago along with 6000 other barefooted Rebel Sons of Bitches. Seeing the monument and knowing that nothing marked their 6000 graves until 30 years after their death is not a comforting thought Not only that, the neglect and torture they endured has been effectively suppressed by the Yankees.Check out what happens when you fight
for your government and they lose the war.
My Daddy always told me he thought we used the name Young because the Yonges founded Abbeville and Geneva. The Yonges were descended from the Indian traders with Panton, Leslie & Co. Daddy was wrong. There are Young Registers all over the place. They go all the way back to the "old country" (Darlington, S.C. ~ The Cheraw District). So that's our Young connection. Nothing but a fambly tradition. Thanks for being curious. Oh yeah. I got the death dates on some of those cats who were captured with my Uncle William Duncan at Island #10. At Camp Randall in Madison, Wisconsin, members of Geneva's Gulf Rangers died on May 22, 1862; May 23 or 24, 1862; June 21 or 29, 1862; May 29, 1862 and May 23, 1862. One of the guys at Camp Randall was a Register but I don't know how I'm kin to him. There was a Peacock died there too. I have read reminiscences from Camp Randall. Almost every one of those boys were from Alabama. They had pneumonia so bad that phlegm covered the floors of their hospital.You'd slide down if you weren't careful. They were all clothed in cotton. No wool. They saw the spring bloom four times. They saw it bloom in Pensacola as they prepared to go up the Mississippi. They saw it bloom at Island No. 10 above Memphis. They saw it bloom while captive in Illinois and they saw it bloom at Camp Randall in Wisconsin. Their cemetery is the northern most Confederate cemetery. Uncle William is buried in the Camp Douglas mass grave in downtown Chicago. Pretty sure there's 6000 buried there and it wasn't even marked for 35 years. Dat showl do makes you feel all warm and fuzzy for yo' govmint now don't it! Uncle William died July 13, 1862. G-Great Grandpa Register filed a claim with the federal government for killing him on August 3, 1863. Other boys from Geneva died on May 14, July 11, July 7 and July 13, 1862. Here's a good link on the Gulf Rangers: http://www.trackingyourroots.com/data/gulfrangers.htm
CONFEDERATE REGISTERS BURIED IN YANKEE PRISONER OF WAR CEMETERIES Register, Pierce Co. E, 1st Alabama 16 May 1862http://www.geocities.com/ad4os/WI_DIV_SCV/Confederate_Rest/ [Pierce is buried along with 140 other Confederate soldiers,most of whom were from Alabama, in the northernmost Confederate cemetery in this country: Forest Hill Cemetery in Madison, Wisconsin] W.D. (William Duncan) Register (MY G-GREAT UNCLE) , Geneva, Alabama, Co. D. 1st Ala, Tenn & Miss is buried in the largest Confederate cemetery in the North, Oak Woods Cemetery in Chicago, Illinois. His name in on the bronze tablet on the link below: http://www.graveyards.com/IL/Cook/oakwoods/confederate.html Company D, 4th Confederate Infantry, 1st Regiment, made up of men from Ala., Tenn., and Miss.(Became Co. E. 54th Ala. Inf. Regt.). Served at Island #10 in Tennessee and surrendered there in April, 1862. Men taken prisoners, but exchanged In Sept. 1862. Alphabetical list of soldiers, age at time of-enlistment, and a little other information if known. Copied this today from a Muster Roll record in AL Archives & History. "Gulf Rangers" of 1861--Company "D", 4th Confederate Infantry--lst Regiment Alabama, Tennessee & Mississippi Infantry--Captain Henry Wesley Laird's "Gulf Rangers" The following text is by Mrs. Marla Drake Dooley, 8505 Cherry Valley Lane, Alexandria, VA 22309: Dedicated to my Great, Great Grandfather-Henry Laird A family story is that the "Gulf Rangers" was formed of friends, neighbors and blood kin. My ancestor, Private Henry Laird, was one of the original members of the "Rangers". The Roster of members of the "Gulf Rangers" was taken from the "Service Records of Confederate Soldiers", Microcopy #258, Rolls 64, 65, & 65, at the National Archives, Washington D.C., by my husband William James Dooley and myself, Marla Drake Dooley. The "Gulf Rangers" were formed on 14 September, 1861, in Geneva, Coffee County (later Geneva County), Alabama, by Captain Henry Wesley Laird. After mustering in Montgomery, Alabama, they became part of the First Alabama Regiment, and were sent to Island #10 in Tennessee. Island #10 was situated in the Mississippi River near the corner of Tennessee, Missouri and Kentucky. It contained about forty acres of land, and stood ten feet above the water line. The battle was fought purely as a holding action; 7000 Confederate troops were to hold General Pope and 40,000 Union soldiers in check long enough for- General Albert Sydney Johnson to attack Grant at Shiloh. After a month, on 8 April, 1862, the outnumbered Confederates formally surrendered Island #10. The Prisoners of War were taken to Camp Randall, Madison, Wisconsin, Camp Butler, Springfield, Illinois, Johnson Island, Sandusky, Ohio, and Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois. Many were sick from fighting in the rain, mud, cold and rigorous climate, and then a terrible epidemic of measles, mumps and pneumonia came. Without suitable food, and practically without medicine with which to combat the epidemic, many died fighting and in prison. In September, 1862, the prisoners were exchanged and sent home to the South. Many of the "Gulf Rangers" were still sick, so they were given a medical discharge. Just as soon as they were well again, however, nearly everyone re-enlisted in another company. Captain Henry Wesley Laird's "Gulf Rangers" William Duncan Register(d.o.b. August 18, 1842) Corporal, born in Georgia, died in prison on 13 July 1862; claim filed August 3, 1863 by John Register (This is William's father (my g-great grandfather John Young Register) -- My g-great uncle, John Forsyth Register, enlisted in Company "K" in the 6th Alabama Calvary in April of 1863 at Geneva, Alabama. He was honorably discharged from the Confederate Army on May 5, 1865 and took the oath of allegiance at Montgomery on May 30, 1865. John was elected the second sheriff of Geneva County on November 7, 1871. The community of Leonia in northern Holmes County, Florida, is named after his first wife. He was a Missionary Baptist preacher for 43 years and according to my family's papers, he recorded more members into the Baptist Church than any other Baptist minister who lived in the Geneva area. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 6th Alabama Cavalry Regiment The 6th Alabama Cavalry was organized near Pine Level, early in 1863, as part of Brig. Gen'l James H. Clanton's brigade. Recruits were gathered from Barbour, Coffee, Coosa, Henry, Macon, Montgomery, Pike, and Tallapoosa counties. It was first engaged near Pollard with a column of the enemy that moved out from Pensacola. Ordered then to North Alabama, the 6th was concerned in several skirmishes near Decatur, with small loss. During the Atlanta-Dalton campaign, the regiment served for several weeks as part of Brig. Gen'l Samuel W. Ferguson's and Brig. Gen'l Frank C. Armstrong's brigades, losing quite a number. A portion of the regiment resisted Maj. Gen'l Lovel H. Rousseau at Ten Islands, losing a number killed and captured. Transferred to West Florida, the 6th fought Maj. Gen'l Frederick Steele's column at Bluff Springs, under orders from Col Armstead, and its loss was severe, especially in prisoners. The remnant fought Maj. Gen'l James H. Wilson's column, and laid down their arms at Gainesville, fewer than 200 men. Field officers: Col. Charles H. Colvin, Lt. Col. Washington T. Lary (captured at Ten Islands); Major Eliphalet Ariel McWhorter (captured at Ten Islands, Bluff Springs); and Adjutant Joseph A. Robertson