Saturday, July 26, 2003


Many thanks to Kathleen Wyer Lane! I have located Hispanic American Essays, A Memorial To James Alexander Robertson.
Unfortunately, it is stored in the University of Alabama Library Annex and I won't be able to get it until Monday or Tuesday.

I was really surprised to find many "Cuba, Alabama" connections in the material on line.

type "mitchell forbes" into the search engine

Here's a sample of what you'll find about the incredible odyssey of the Spanish Archives:

When Pensacola was evacuated by the Confederates in 1862 the records were in the law office of Blount and Jordan of that place, and De la Rua packed and shipped them to Greenville, Alabama. When that town was threatened he had them sent to Montgomery. After the war they were brought back to Pensacola and turned over to a special agent of the Treasury Department who had been sent there. The agent was soon ordered away, and De la Rua again had the custody of the papers.

But these were not all of the archives, says De la Rua in a deposition in 1885, for at the evacuation of Pensacola a part were removed to Columbus Georgia, by James Abercrombie, who, after the war, delivered them to De la Rua.

In 1867 the General Land Office sent H. C. De Ahua to investigate and collect "the Spanish archives in Florida.''

What De la Rua had were reported as still "in tolerable condition." Among these were five volumes containing "records of the original documents which on being presented to the board of commissioners were recorded and the original papers re tained by the parties interested, thereby leaving no original documents in the custody of the keeper." There were six boxes of papers "most of which referred to transfers of property, wills, powers of attorney, etc., but very few original grants."

It appears to Miss Wright that De la Rua, restored to his post, held these archives in custody for twenty years at least.

Thursday, July 24, 2003

> As if NYC didn't have enough to worry about, Democratic NY City
>Councilman and former Black Panther Charles Baron and other assorted
>knuckleheads will be celebrating "an evening of solidarity with Cuba"
>Saturday evening, July 26. You may not remember Mr. Baron but this David
>Horowitz quote might jog your memory:
> Democratic NY City Councilman and former Black Panther Charles Baron was
>also a speaker at the Millions for Reparations March, where he announced he
>needed to assault a white person for his "mental health." On this occasion
>he kept his racism in check, but not his rhetoric. "If you're looking for
>the Axis of Evil," he raved, "then look inside the belly of this beast." He
>went on to attack America's "monopoly capitalists" (a technical term which
>veterans of the left will recognize as the mark of Communist and Maoist
>sectarians) who of course were the puppeteers pulling the President's

> Councilman Baron is one of the major sponsors of this important event
>commemorating the 50th anniversary of the commencement of Fidel's
>revolution. Baron and his other missionaries of misery will be meeting at
>6:OO P.M. at the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Labor Center Auditorium at the
>Health and Hospital Workers Union Hall on West 43rd Street on Manhatten
> I've recycled some of your "Moncada Attack" emails on my weblog. Please
>check them out and let me know how I need to tune them up before Saturday.
>Click on

Wednesday, July 23, 2003

On July 26, 1953, while the town celebrated Carnival, 125 men and
women launched an attack on the barracks at 5:15 AM. In military
terms, the attack was defeated. Most of the daring insurgents were
captured, Many were then tortured and executed.

Fidel escaped with about 18 others and fled into the mountains. They
were captured a week later.

Three years after his conviction, under pressure by a growing peoples'
movement, the Batista regime was forced to release Fidel Castro. Fidel
then led a small group of Cuban revolutionaries to Mexico, where they
prepared to return as guerrilla fighters.

They returned to Cuba on a boat named the Granma, and resumed the
military struggle. Five years, five months and five days after the
attack on Moncada barracks, Batista was forced to flee Cuba as the
guerillas of the July 26 Movement entered Havana in January 1959,
marking the triumphed of the Cuban Revolution.

The revolution has brought many gains to the population, such as a
free health and education system, and most important, the power to
exercise the right to self-determination.

Despite all difficulties caused by the criminal U.S. economic blockade
and other attempts to undermine the Cuban government, the spirit of
July 26, 1953 continues to provide strength to the Cuban people. The
United States' cruel and illegal blockade against Cuba over the past
44 years has not been able to destroy the revolution.

The determination and revolutionary spirit shown by those young Cubans
in the attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953, continues today to
inspire a whole nation to defend their national sovereignty and

The Cuban people's determination to defend their revolution against
U.S. terrorism, subversion and economic blockade, continues to provide
an example for oppressed people around the world fighting for
liberation. July 26, 1953 was also of significance to oppressed
peoople everywhere.

No country in the world enjoys the affection and respect that Cuba
does, especially from the peoples of Africa and Latin America.

On July 26, 2003, the 50th anniversary of Moncada Barracks will be
celebrated throughout the world. While saluting the heroic Cuban
people, these events will also send a clear message to the
Bush/Pentagon war machine that the world will not stand idle if the
U.S. government continues its war preparations and provocations
against Cuba.


Join us in an evening in solidarity with Cuba:

Saturday, July 26, 2003
6:00 p.m.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Labor Center Auditorium
1199 Health & Hospital Workers Union
310 West 43rd Street
(between 8th & 9 Avenues)
Manhattan, New York City

Sponsored by the July 26 Coalition.

Endorsers (list in formation):
Rev Luis Barrios, Lglesia San Romero De Las Americas; Charles Baron,
NY City Council*; Black Solidarity Against the War Coalition; Black
Radical Congress, Metro Chapter: Brecht Forum; Casa De Las Americas;
Committee Against Anti-Asian Violence; Committee in Solidarity With
Venezuela; Congress for Korean Unification, NY Chapter; Cuba
Solidarity New York; December 12 Movement; Dominican Friends of Cuba;
Freedom Road Socialist Organization; Freedom Socialist Party; Haiti
Support Network; Herlem Tenents Council; IFCO/Pastors For Peace;
Iglesia San Romero de las Americas; International Action Center; Rev
Earl Koopercamp, Saint Mary's Episcopal Church; Malcolm X Grassroots
Movement; N'Cobra, New York City Chapter; Network in Solidarity with
the People of the Philippines; New Jersey Solidarity; New York Free
Mumia Abu-Jamal Coalition; Nodutdol-For Korean Community Development;
ProLibertad; Rhadames Rivera, Vice-President, 1199/SEIU*;Patrice
Lumumba Coalition; Radical Women; Don Rojas, General Manager WBAI
Radio*; Joel Schwartz, President, CSEA Local 466*; Socialist Action;
Unidad del Pueblo Dominicano; US/Cuba Labor Exchange; Venceremos
Brigade; Vieques Support Campaign; Workers World Party; Working Group
on Puerto Rico (Socialist Front)

Tuesday, July 22, 2003





Have you seen my Moncada website?
I interviewed over the past 25 years a total of 100 people directly involved in the events who live outside the island, including 14 rebels. The real story of the Moncada attack has never been written. I debunk two myths: The rebels did not stab to death patients in the military hospital, and the military did not torture the prisoners with eye gouging, castration, or mutilation, as Castro purported in "History Will Absolve Me." I interviewed the funeral home director who retrieved all the military and rebel dead. The prisoners were in fact gunned down after being captured but there was no systematic torture. I also interviewed in Puerto Rico the Leizan family, in whose farm Castro was captured after they arranged the surrender of the last eight rebels

Too much is being read into why Castro chose Sunday, July 26th to attack the Moncada garrison in Santiago de Cuba and the Carlos Manuel de Cespedes Rural Guard garrison in Bayamo.
The answer is simple: Castro had to transport from Havana by car, bus and train 160 rebels more than 500 miles to Oriente province. Santiago de Cuba was celebrating its traditional annual carnival that three-day weekend, July 24, 25 and 26. Thousands of people from throughout the island went to Santiago. As a result, the rebels were able to blend in with the merrymakers when they arrived on Saturday evening, without arousing suspicion.
Castro's idea was not original. Cuban separatist General Narciso Lopez had prepared a similar uprising for June 24, 1848, set to coincide with the Cienfuegos feast day. His followers, dressed in carnival costumes for the occasion, would attack and take over the garrison, while the bulk of the troops patrolled the streets during the event. Lopez had to go into exile before putting his plan into effect.
It should be noted that the three rebel leaders of the Bayamo attack on July 26th, Raul Martinez Araras, Orlando Castro Garcia, and Gerardo Perez Puelles, are all living in exile after breaking with Fidel Castro in 1955. Orlando Castro Garcia was imprisoned by the Castro regime from 1961 to 1979 for opposing Communism. Other Moncada and Bayamo veterans Gustavo Arcos Bergnes, Moisés Mafut Delgado, Manuel Suardaz Fernandez, Jaime Costa Chavez and Mario Chanes de Armas, the last two also Granma expeditionaries, received prison terms of up to thirty years by the Castro regime for being “counter-revolutionaries.”
When Fidel Castro seized power, he had the Bayamo garrison entirely bulldozed, except for the Soldiers' Club building, which he turned into the "?ico Lopez Museum." ?ico Lopez, a market porter with a 4th grade education, killed during the Granma expedition landing, is now being falsely portrayed as the leader of the Bayamo attack. Inside the museum there is a large photo of ?ico next to and in the same proportions as Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, the Cuban father of Independence. Fidel Castro destroyed the Bayamo garrison so that it would not parallel in importance to the Moncada attack.

robert register wrote:

ant: I would really appreciate your comments on my latest post at When I typed "50th anniversary moncada attack", I got a lot of disturbing information. These people are nuts.The information I posted was the first to make sense and it was way down the line. best, r

Sunday, July 20, 2003


Ellicott and the Spanish commissioner, Minor, made a big deal about "this is simply a line of demarcation between our governments. This is in no way intended to rob you of your land. This is simply a question of jurisdiction and is not meant to disturb you in any way."(or some bull similar to that) Plus, the Indians had to allow the survey because they signed the Treaty of Colerain on the St. Mary's River in 1796.The big powwow that occurred at Ellicott's Observatory on the Chattahoochee in early August of 1799 ( the present-day "Fitch Place") was a "work-out session" to remind the Seminoles of their commitment to the survey.

Something that came to mind. Ellicott failed to mention that the line split the town of Chiscatalofa. Minor mentions it in his correspondence and addresses everything "Clisatalofa". Ellicott addresses everything "Camp on the Chattahoochee".

I believe it's by the U.S. Constitution: only the Congress can extinguish Indian title. Clearing Indian title is what lead to Fort Mims. The U.S. ignored the predicament of the Tombigbee people who had obtained title from three European powers over a period of one hundred years and yet the U.S. did nothing about the title reverting back to the Creeks and allowed the Tensaw people to be slaughtered.

Even though the Choctaws had extinguished their title to the land between the Chickasawhay and the Tombigbee on three occasions (French, English, Spanish), title reverted back to them when the Spanish evacuated in May of 1799. It was up to the U. S. to extinguish title.(plus there were Creek land claims there that the Choctaws could extinguish for the U.S. with an X of the pen and of course with the ubiquitious "one dollar and other valuable considerations"). The U.S. finally extinguished its first Indian title in present-day Alabama on October 17, 1802 (an event unacknowledged on its bicentennial last year),when General Wilkinson signed the Treaty of Fort Confederation with the Choctaws near present-day Epes, Al. That extinguished title to that 1.5 million acres north of Ellicott's Stone on the west bank of the Mobile and Tombigbee up to the old British line of demarcation(1765) and west to the Chickasawhay. In March 1803, the General Land Office established a land office in St. Stephens to lay out and sell this land. This was the first U.S. public land sold in present-day Alabama. The people on the east side of the river had clear French, British and Spanish titles yet the U.S. could never get the Creeks to relinquish title. As I said before, this was one of the major factors that led to the attack on Ft. Mims.

Yes, Mound #381(meaning: 381 miles east of the Mississippi River) was near the mound we found. I forgot what Greg's conclusion was but we could've found a witness mound(I think). It had the 8inch x 8inch square of wood mold in the center so it was one of the last group of mounds which included Ellicott's Mound but also the 1853 witness mounds built durings Whitner's retracement. Ellicott's #381 was in the center. Whitner's 1853 witness mounds were located in the four cardinal directions. I'm pretty sure Greg could get a big check from the National Surveyor's Foundation if he'd just turn in his findings. He'll get it done though by next March. We're gonna have another ASPLS Ellicott's Line Retracement Seminar at the Solon-Dixon Center near Andalusia in March. You oughta go to that. Plus, you'd love Solon-Dixon. It's run by Auburn and they gotta Turpentine Museum. And plenty of bunks. You could probably sleep two busloads.

I believe Chiscatalofa moved between the U.S. 84 bridge or Bryant's Creek and the mouth of Irwin's Mill Creek. The Fitches told me they find more artifacts north of the road we come in on (St. Stephens Base Line[ and at the riverbank,the location of Ellicott's observatory] ). The 7110.2 feet of Alabama land below the Fitch place (including all of Chattahoochee State Park: a fractional 16th section owned by both Florida and Alabama so nobody could figure out a way to steal it from the public schools so the northern fraction is now owned by the Alabama Public Schools and managed by the Conservation Department) was basically in Florida until 1854. It was homesteaded in Tallahassee in the 1820's and they are the oldest U.S. deeds in Florida. (for land now in Alabama)

I think the initial archaeology should occur around Ely's Landing (Ellicott observatory-Eastern terminus for the St. Stephens Base Line[which governs all land in Southeast Mississippi to the Pearl River] ) It is also is the northern most point on the globe governed by the Tallahassee Meridian which also governs land in Key West and the Dry Tortugas. Ask the Fitches about digging here.

Another site that must demand investigation is the area around Ellicott Mound #381 and the 90 foot spring. Ask Ansley about this.

One of my goals for the retracement seminar in March is to find Ellicott Mound #350 in Geneva County. It is labeled on the early territorial and state maps as "350 miles east of the Mississippi River".

Think I've taken care of it all. Hope you don't mind seeing yourself on the Internet but that's where you're heading. You'll be appearing on "cuba alabama" tonight at a moniter near you.



Oh yeah. the historic marker. I'll give you a text but it will require both sides. We also need an "Ellicott's Observatory" and a "Tallahassee Meridian" along wid duh "Fohbzzz Puhchuss"

>From: "William Holman"
>To: "robert register"
>Subject: Re: Writing a Paper on the Forbes Purchase
>Date: Sun, 20 Jul 2003 16:29:48 -0500
>I'll forward your email to Doug. Maybe we can work on another historic marker .
> Also, why is the Treaty of Demarcation & Cession considered the first American property survey in Alabama ? Was Ellicott's line not considered a property survey ?
>Is the Ellicott mound # 381 the one we found just west of the river ? And where would the indian village have been in relation to Chattahoochee State Park ?
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: robert register
> To:
> Sent: Saturday, July 19, 2003 3:42 PM
> Subject: Writing a Paper on the Forbes Purchase
> William
> I'm gonna be working on two important anniversaries in the coming weeks.
> August 31, 2003, marks the 200th anniversary of A Treaty of Demarcation and Cession, Between the United States of America and the Choctaw tribe of Indians. This treaty, signed at Hoe-buck-in-too-pa (St. Stephens) ratified the boundary line surveyed in the summer of 1803 by General James Wilkinson, Mingo Poos Coos and Alatala Hooma. This was the first American property survey of any land in present-day Alabama and it represents the advent of the total extinguishment of all Indian title to land within the boundaries of the state.
> This line of demarcation between the U.S. and the Choctaw Nation began, on the west, in the middle of the channel of the Wax River at the point that Ellicott's Line (first U.S. Southern Boundary- 31st parallel) crosses the river; thence up the channel to the confluence of the Chickasawhay and the Buckatannee; thence up the channel of the Buckatannee to Red Creek; thence up Red Creek to a pine tree on the left bank blazed on two sides, about 12 links southwest of the old trading path from Mobile to Hewhannee Towns: thence along the old British line of partition( the Choctaw-British Treaty of 1765) to a mulberry post on the right bank of the main branch of Snake Creek;thence down Snake Creek to the Tombigbee and then the Mobile River until it reaches Ellicott's Line at the present day Barry Steam Plant east of Ellicott's Stone.
> The other anniversary will occur on May 25, 2004. This will mark the 200th anniversary of the signing of the Forbes Purchase at Chiskatalofa, an Indian village located around Ellicott Mound #381 near the point where Alabama, Florida and Georgia intersect on the west bank of the Chattahoochee. This deed of cession of 1.2 million acres east of the Apalachicola River to John Forbes & Co. began an entire series of treaties where Indians paid their debts with the only thing they possessed, their land. Since John Forbes moved to his sugar plantation, Canimar, in Matanzas Province, Cuba in 1817, many of the business transactions and lawsuits associated with the Forbes Purchase occurred in Cuba. When Forbes died in 1823, his son-in-law,Francisco Dalcourt(husband to Forbes' daughter, Sophia) was appointed executor of Forbes's estate in Cuba. Money from the sale of the Forbes Purchase became tied up in a series of lawsuits filed in New Orleans and Matanzas by those claiming to be owed money by the Forbes's estate. Litigation over the property granted to John Forbes by the Indians at Chiskatalofa in 1804 remained in the courts until 1923, a century after Forbes had died, when the Florida Supreme Court ruled that submerged land granted by the Forbes Purchase was owned by the State of Florida.
> After being appointed Receiver of Pubic Monies in the General Land Office in 1825, Richard Keith Call sailed to Havana to examine the original Forbes Purchase documents . From then on, Call argued to overturn the Forbes's Purchase. According Coker and Watson:
> At Call's urging, the U.S. Supreme Court delayed hearing the case until 1835. In the interim, the government sent Jeremy Robinson to Havana to obtain documents to support the government's arguments. Fully briefed by Call, Robinson spent two years in Havana locating and identifying documents, but he died in 1834 before any of these papers were sent to Washington. Nicholas Philip Trist succeeded Robinson and uncovered forty-five documents in Havana, which the Supreme Court refused to admit as evidence.
> This was Justice Marshall's last case and he upheld as perfectly legal the Forbes Purchase land grant.
> In May of 2004, I'd love to put some sort of commemoration of the Bicentennial of the Forbes Purchase near Chattahoochee State Park. Please forward this to Doug Purcell and to anyone else who might be interested. I will be posting my progress on my weblog at
> Best,
> Robert


Thought you'd appreciate this more than anyone. Yesterday afternoon, I finished posting the stuff on the "cuba alabama" weblog about the Forbes Purchase negotiated by James Innerarity in May of 1804. This gave John Forbes and Co. 1.2 million acres east of the Apalachicola.

I'm getting ready to leave and as I am about to log off, I get an email from Nedra Innerarity Creamer inviting me to join her myfamily "Innerarity" website. I was in a big hurry but I logged on, noticed I could post photos and I immediately posted Bryan Wheelers's two pics and the one of me in the graveyard.

In ten minutes I was out of the office having just posted my first three pics on the Web WITH ABSOLUTELY NO ADULT SUPERVISION!!!!

Is somebody watching me?!!!!



>From: "Nedra Innerarity Creamer"
>To: "robert register"
>Subject: Re: Hello Again
>Date: 19 Jul 2003 19:52:20 -0600
>You all are OUR KINDA PEOPLE!!!! Dale jumped to his feet when I started reading your message and got to the part that said your wife was a stripper. Ha Ha!!! We go to strip clubs and his ex wife was a stripper out in CA. and we are full blown swingers but don't share that part with the family here. (some here are crusty too)
>Look at the photo albums and go to John Innerarity and see if its the same pic or go to History, click on more and look at John Innerarity Sr. file to see it.
>I think you are close enough to the family line to call you a relitive. Could you post this information on you listing so we can share with the rest of the clan? Thanks for everything you have and will share with us.
>-----Original Message-----
>From: "robert register"
>Sent: Sunday, July 20, 2003 12:45 AM
>Subject: Re: Hello Again
>My "wife" in the photo is the stripper, Destiny, who Bama's head football coach, Mike Price, lost his $10 million over. Ya'll enjoy Francionne at A&M. Ya'll can have him.
> Nope, not kin to the Inneraritys, however, I might have a kinda strange connection to Panton,Leslie & Co. All the Registers are from Geneva, Alabama. My whole name is Robert Young Register and my Daddy, Earl, told me that Young became a family name because the Yonge's built the Indian trading post that became Geneva. Mr. Yonge married a woman from Geneva, NY, so that's how the town got its name. Members of the Yonge family worked for Panton, Leslie & Co. for generations. The Florida History library at the University of Florida is named the P.K. Yonge Library. P. K. was born in Marianna and lived most of his life in Pensacola.
> Thanks for including me,
> Robert
>Have you ever seen the photo of John Innerarity in Coker and Watson's Indian Traders of the Spanish Borderlands? He was a crusty looking old fart.
> >From: "Nedra Innerarity Creamer"
> >To: "Robert Register"
> >Subject: Hello Again >Date: 19 Jul 2003 18:11:50 -0600 > >You are FAST!!!! I love it!!! >Are you in the Innerarity line? If so you an put on your family tree in that section. Oh hell, put it on anyway :-) >Isn't this your wife in the photo on your member page? Its nice to have photos so we can all get better aquainted. Are you on any of the IM's? I am on MSN, Yahoo, ICQ and AOL. Let me know which one and we can chat. We have a chat on our family site but I don't always have it up but always have msn up as that's where I chat with my kids. Thanks again for the postings. >Nedra

Nedra Innerarity Creamer - Jul 19, 2003
Tell us more about Bryan.

>Robert Register - Jul 20, 2003
'78 was the beginning of the end for my crowd in Tuscaloosa. We all ended up getting into a lot of trouble so by '79 our scene was about "history". I was 28.The Locust Fork Band released their first album. Most of my friends were my age or younger. All of our six households of hipsters lived in an old house at 1519 8th Street that had been cut up into three apartments. There was a very small duplex and a garage apartment in the backyard. I had lived there since '73. We had two bands we followed: The Gate Band and The Locust Fork Band. Of the members of Locust Fork, Bryan Wheeler(drummer), Asa Gaston(drummer) and Dwight Williams(vocals and bass) hung out at our place all the time. Especially on weekends. I really got to know Bryan well back then and every time we saw each other, it was nothing but gossip!