Friday, March 13, 2009


Please check out the Heeey Baby Days of Beach Music

Be good.


The Wal Mart Parking Lot in Geneva
image courtesy of

from the June 6, 1975 B'ham News
Versatility keeps name of Billy Joe Royal
high on the rock charts

by Melanie Jones, News staff writer

From "Down In The Boondocks" all the way up to the to of the Grand Canyon singing Coca Cola commercials Billy Joe Royal will be the first to tell anybody that he's been around- a long time.

With all the nameless here-today-gone-tomorrow singers among the record industy, what keeps an entertainer in the winner's circle?

Billy Joe's career reflects the philosophy that it's all a matter of versatility.
A delicate instinct of knowing when to catch onto the train of today's music and when to let go of yesterday. It also helps to
have an uncomparable style.

This versatile entertainer will bring all the know-how he's picked up to Birmingham as he emcees an performs at the MISS ALABAMA PAGEANT in the Concert Hall of the Birmingham-Jefferson Civic Center.

Joe Billy will perform at 7:30 p. m. Thursday, Friday and Saturday during preliminary judging in swimsuit, evening gown and talent competitions. Fashioned after the Miss America Pageant, judging is open to the public.

BILLY JOE will feel right at home with the 50 Southern beauties who will compete for the coveted crown. The singer-guitarist was born in nearby Valdosta, Georgia. It's no wonder the roots of his rock 'n' roll style in the 1960s were entwined with those of country music.

The sounds of the '60s pivoted from the song-writing and producing abilities of Atlanta's Joe South. Among his peers were such performers as Tommy Roe and Billy Joe who helped bring South's composing talents to national attention by their hit records of his songs.

During a two-year engagement at a Savannah, Ga. nightclub, he became friends with South. Billy Joe recorded some of his compositions with South acting as producer. Soon "Down in the Boondocks" made the Top Ten charts throughout the country. Since then, Billy Joe has played clubs and concerts ranging from the Greek Theatre in Los Angeles to the London Palladium.

Looking back over his earlier days, Billy Joe recalled the era of Dick Clark's "Where The Action Is." Traveling across the U.S. with the Action troop, he remembered the days when an inconspicuous English singer by the name of Tom Jones passed unnoticed by the generation of devoted fans. Unnoticed, that is, until Billy Joe and a few of the other Action dancers taught Mr. Jones a wiggle or two.

Billy Joe was traveling and performing with Tommy Roe at a time when the undiscovered Beatles ranked No. 2 below the headliner Roe.

Preferring booking in many major cities in the U. S. and abroad to settling down to recording, after his first single hit "Down In The Boondocks," Billy Joe hit the road again, playing clubs in Vegas and Los Angeles. A year passed before hs second hit, "Hush," was issued by Columbia Records in 1967. From this, he placed "CHERRY HILL PARK" in the Top Ten throughout the country in 1969, "Every Night" in 1970 and "Tulsa" in 1971.

Part of the reason for his relatively low output of recordings is his heavy schedule of in-person and TV appearances. He plans this summer to make another album which will be released in the fall.

Reputed to be the first BLUE-EYED SOUL SINGER, Billy Joe feels at home in the Magic City after playing engagements at Joe Namath's Restaurant and the Apothecary and making many friends there and by participating in the WVOK "Shower of Stars."

But after next week, he'll have 50 more of the most beautiful friends a guy could have. Sharing the stage with Billy Joe and the 50 hopefuls will be former Miss Alabama's Ceil Jenkins Snow and Jane Rice Holloway. The current Miss Alabama, ventriloquist Pam Long, will make her singing debut.

Tickets for the nightly performances are available through the Public Affairs Department of The Birmingham New, sponsor of the 57th annual Miss Alabama Pageant.

The contestants will divide into two groups of 25.
Group No. 1 will compete in evening gown and swimsuit on Thursday night, and Group No. 2 will participate in talent competitions.
Friday night, Group No. 2 will compete in evening gown and swimsuit, while Group No. 1 competes in talent.

Points will be totaled at the end of Thursday and Friday competitions, and those with the highest points will be announced. The 10 girls with the most points will then compete for the crown on Saturday night.

PREVIOUS POINTS will be discarded on the final night as the top 10 compete in evening gown, swimsuit and talent. From these, five girls with the most points will be selected. Previous points will again be discarded, and judges will select a Miss Alabama on the basis of an over-all judgment.

With more seats available, the pageant will not be televised. Tickets are still available through the Public Affairs Department of The Birmingham News.

Sponsor of the 57th annual Miss Alabama Pageant is The News in cooperation with WAPI-TV and the Alabama Federation of Women's Clubs.

Do yourself a favor and go down to the book store and get you a copy of the March issue of HITTING THE NOTE

& the February issue of MOJO

March is the 40th anniversary of the Allmans &
2009 is the 50th anniversary of Motown.

The Motown CD that comes with February's MOJO is KILLER!




The Preachers three 45s, on the Righteous Enterprises label, have zero to do with the famed duo (one of the many annoyances about researching information unverified on the web). Only resemblance is in the name. The Righteous Brothers did not have copyright on the word 'Righteous'. I'm sure in some print article / clipping there may have been a mention of the Righteous Brothers planning to start up their own label at the same time, but it has no connection to this label.
I haven't verified it but I think David Keller was behind Righteous Enterprises (I've only seen the 3 Preachers 45s on the label of the same name), before he started up another local label, Daisy (releases by the Omen and Their Luv, Outer Mongolian Herd both from 1968)

Sheri-Glen music was operated by a husband and wife team from Birmingham. I spoke with them 15 years ago. I'd have to do some extensive digging in my vast notes to get their names.

Preachers, Omen and Their Luv, OutMongolian Herd

You are correct that David Keller was the leading force behind the Preachers. After the Preachers, David had a booking agency that he ran out of Montevallo where he had attended college. I was with the Omen and their Luv from its inception(1966) till the end (1969) when it morphed into another version of the Rubber Band. We hooked up with David in 1968 when he opened a teen club in Panama City Beach called the HEad Shop. He had a group of bands that included the Omen, The Outer Mongolian Herd and W.C Doan and Co. that he booked. For a short while he opened a recording studio on 15th St. in Tuscaloosa where some of his bands recorded. All of the Omen recordings for Daisy records was done at Boutwells "Church" studio in Birmingham or at Malaco in Jackson, Miss. The last that I heard of Keller was that he had skipped out to Canada to avoid the draft. He was in Montreal? and had a t-shirt shop called Crazy Dave's. The Preachers had one of their hits featured on the Psychedelic States, Alabama, Vol.II. The Omen were on Vol.I.

I know a Dave Keller who was

I know a Dave Keller who was I think from Birmingham and was in a band in the early 60's. This guy had a Stratocaster and a trombone both of which I have seen him play a little. He has red hair, went to Shades Valley and is fairly tall. If it is the same guy, I can update you on him.

I knew David Keller in

I knew David Keller in Panama City in 1968. I'd love to know where he is today.
Thanks, Mary Stewart

David Keller


David Keller attended Alabama College/University of Montevallo in 1968/1969. I was a freshman in the fall of 1968 and meet him several times as I was from the Tuscaloosa area and had seen the Preachers a number of times. David was the "Social Committee Chairman" for the University and arranged for Percy Sledge to do a show at the college in the Fall Semester of 1968. I never saw him again after that year but UM may have some information on him.

Tom Martin
University of Montevallo
Class of 1972


I luv this show opener from a Miami disc jockey. circa 1959.


IS BROUGHT YOUR WAY BY ................

Rap on,

My junior high's motto wuzzzzzzzzz
& it was always written underneath one of those alladin lamps our people used back in the past.

When I got to jr. high I knew all about aladdin lamps because those were the only one's my g-grandpa Shepherd had after the Civil War.

My Great Grandpa Shepherd was born in 1859 & I remember sitting on his lap.

I'll be 59 next month.


Doing the honorable doesn't seem to be on some folks agenda in Selma.

I guess they had free rein so d#mn long,
don't matter no mo'.

This evening I reflected on this week's events on this thread.


Doesn't look like I gonna be in Selma Sunday morning so I'd showl 'preciate somebody walking 'round the block fo' me.

image courtesy of;jsessionid=45C9D8330D51C7B657D1733A06D1CB6A?contentguid=hUNHPaEy&full=true

The Dedication of Dinah Washington Avenue Last Thursday Morning
I'm seated on the front row and you can see the back of my old bucket head for the entire eight minute video. Brenda Reed sings WHAT A DIFFERENCE A DAY MAKES
accompanied by old Druid Dragon baby, Jocqueline Richardson
Here's Part 2 with Rachel Edwards singin' a Bessie Smith tune.
Part 3 was very emotional. Robert Grayson, Dinah Washington's youngest son, gave a wonderful speech. This episode stars the back of my old gray gourd.
Here's Part 4 where Dinah Washington's grandchildren speak.

Again HEAD(one of my Cloverdale neighborhood gang names along wid "JINX" & LUNGZZZ)
is prominently displayed

One mo' example of why government fails to accomplish the simplest of tasks.


Hey folks,
Just wanted to let you know we are now up and streaming at

Tonight's show is at 7 PM and is titled,"The Six Degrees Of Seperation - The Allman Brothers" . Tune in tonight or catch the replay Saturday morning at 10 AM. Our Rodney Mills interview show is still being edited, but should be broadcast in about 2 weeks. I will keep you posted.


Sent: Thursday, March 12, 2009 9:24 AM
Subject: Skiptracers Updates and Reminders

1. Get your tickets for the Birmingham, AL show at - we are listed on the right under Hot Tickets. If you can't make it please let folks in Birmingham know we will be there Next Tuesday on St Patricks day (March 17th) showing the movie and then the Defibulators will play a set. The movie starts at 7 pm and it should be a great night.

2. We are going to be at the Northside Cinema in Dothan, AL from March 20th -26th. The movie will show four times a day. Harris and Stuckey will be in Dothan for the opening night- Friday March 20th. Spread the word, we need as many people to see this as possible.

3. We are in Atlanta at the Plaza theatre on Tuesday March 31st. Advance tickets are available here.

4. We are an official selection for the Memphis: On Location Film Festival in Memphis, TN. The festival takes place the weekend of April 23rd- 26th. More detail on that to come.

Thanks for spreading the word,

Stuckey, Harris and DL

Thursday, March 12, 2009


None of Christ's disciples taught a political revolution either in the name of Christ or of "social justice." But the traitorous or misguided Christians of today are doing so in teaching the "social gospel" of Socialist-Communist revolution for the sake of political "new social order" of atheist Karl Marx.

In warning against false prophets that shall "deceive the very elect", Christ said,"For wheresoever the carcass is there will be the eagles be gathered."

So Christian pacifists today, dead to the realization that they are cooperating with Jesus Christ's crucifiers when they cooperate with Marxians for the "pacification" of civil war, merely serve as the carcasses for these revolutionary eagles to feed upon.

Man, I totally forgot about mentioning HANK LOCKLIN

Hank Locklin

LOCKLIN, HANK International country music legend and Grand Ole Opry star Hank Locklin, who soared to stardom with the mega country/pop hit "Please Help Me I'm Falling" and wrote the country classic "Send Me The Pillow You Dream On" passed away on Sunday, March 8, 2009. He was 91 years old. Locklin had been a Brewton, Alabama resident since 1984 and was well known among the locals as a friend. They would never again consider him a stranger after meeting the cordial performer. One of country's greatest tenors, Locklin scored one of the biggest hits of the music's golden era with "Please Help Me, I'm Falling," which spent a remarkable 14 weeks at No. 1 and 30 weeks in the Top 10 in 1960. With that hit came membership into the Opry, an honor he maintained for the rest of his life. Locklin's other big hits included, "Geisha Girl", "Let Me Be The One", Country Hall of Fame and Danny Boy. For nearly two decades Locklin recorded for RCA Records (1955-1974). Locklin helped usher in the famous 1950s-60s Nashville Sound, which also featured the likes of fellow performers Jim Reeves, Patsy Cline and The Browns. His legacy grew overseas helping to spread country music popularity to Japan, Germany and especially to Ireland, where fans took to his clear, crisp tenor voice and claimed Locklin as an adopted son. He was born Lawrence Hankins Locklin in the piney northwest Florida community of McLellan. In later years, after gaining international popularity, he was nicknamed "The Mayor of McLellan" by television/radio personality Ralph Emery. The name stuck as Locklin maintained residence there on his 350-plus acre Singing L Ranch until moving to Brewton 25 years ago. While he was born into a family that reared doctors and educators, Locklin discovered very early he was to be a performer. Hank was picking guitar for amateur contests in nearby Milton, Florida, by age 10. In his teens he was a featured performer on Pensacola radio station WCOA. For the next several years, he played with a variety of groups through the South and worked at various jobs in Florida, including farmer, ribbon mill hanker, and shipyard worker. After World War II ended, his career started taking off, and he appeared on Shreveport's Louisiana Hayride and the Big D Jamboree in Dallas, Texas. He recorded briefly for Decca, and after meeting producer Bill McCall, Hank recorded for McCall's Four Star Records for five years. Hank scored his first Top 10 song in 1949 with "The Same Sweet Girls." Four years later, he had a No. 1 with "Let Me Be the One," and a recording contract with RCA Victor followed. The next year started a string of hit singles, with "Send Me the Pillow You Dream On," which he wrote, "It's a Little More Like Heaven," "Geisha Girl," "Fraulein," "Why, Baby Why," and "Blue Grass Skirt." In 1960, the remarkable success of "Please Help Me, I'm Falling", the song not only dominated the country chart that year, but crossed over into the Top 10 pop charts in both the United States and the United Kingdom, earned him membership in the Grand Ole Opry. It also introduced the slip-note piano style to country music through legendary pianist Floyd Cramer and was a major factor in creating the "Nashville Sound." Locklin remembers, "Chet played me the demo and Don Robertson (one of the co-writers) was playing that slip-note on the piano...I told Chet, "if we could get Cramer to copy that style, we'd have us a hit, and we did." The slip-note piano style was synonymous with Hank's recordings from 20 that point forward and considered his signature sound. Many hits followed throughout the '60s, including "We're Gonna Go Fishin'," "Happy Birthday To Me," "Happy Journey," "Followed Closely by My Teardrops," "The Country Hall of Fame," "Danny Boy" and "Where The Blue Of The Night, Meets The Gold Of The Day." During this time, Hank pioneered the creation of concept albums in country music with releases such as Foreign Love and Irish Songs, Country Style. Hank is also credited with taking country music to unprecedented heights of popularity with International audiences throughout the 50's, 60's and 70's. In all, Hank has sold more than 15 million albums and received numerous industry awards from The Grand Ole Opry, BMI, ASCAP, Cashbox, Billboard and NARAS. Long a favorite with Opry audiences, Hank returned to the studio in 2001 to record Generations in Song. Featuring long-time colleagues such as Dolly Parton and Jeannie Seely, newer friends and admirers like Vince Gill (who cites Hank as an influence) and Jett Williams. Recently, Hank recorded his 65th album, a gospel album, with an award winning cast of artists such as The Oak Ridge Boys, The Jordanaires, Gold City and Jeff & Sheri Easter. Locklin is survived by his loving wife of thirty-nine years, Anita Locklin, his children Margaret Kent, Maurice Locklin, Beth Padgett, Nina Hendricks, Amy Alford, and Hank Adam Locklin, along with his beloved grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Locklin was a member of Red Rock Lodge F. & A.M. in Munson, Florida, The Scottish Rite Bodies of Nashville, Tennessee and Hadji Shrine Temple in Pensacola, Florida. Visitation is scheduled for Thursday, March 12th from 4:00 p.m. until 8:00 p.m. at The First Baptist Church in Brewton, Alabama. In lieu of flowers, the family requests that donations be made to Covenant Hospice 1023 Douglas Ave, #204, Brewton, Alabama 36426, (251) 867-6993, or The Opry Trust Fund, 2804 Opryland Drive, Nashville, TN, 37214, (615) 871-5812. Arrangements are being handled by Williams Memorial Chapel Funeral Home of Brewton, Alabama, (251) 867-4304.

It's All in the Game

Many a tear has to fall
But its all in the game
All in the wonderful game
That we know as love
You have words with him
And your futures looking dim
But these things your heart can rise above
Once in a while he wont call
But its all in the game
Soon hell be there at your side
With a sweet bouquet
And hell kiss your lips
And caress your waiting fingertips
And your heart will fly away

Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Hey y'all~

Looking forward to the ceremony tomorrow morning in Kaulton Park that will change the name of 30th Avenue to Dinah Washington Avenue

image courtesy of

Mo' images from Sister Archetta's Mardi Gras Party in the Demopolis Hotel!

Sistuh Archetta were a RIGHTEOUS Hostess!

As most of you know Sister Archetta is the author of that fabulous best seller,

My favorite part is where the priest sez,"I WANT IT NOW!!!!"

World Loses Legendary Bluesman Willie King

On Sunday, March 8, 2009, the outstanding Alabama blues musician Willie King passed away near his home in Old Memphis, Alabama, following a massive heart attack. His career started on a plantation with a one-string, homemade diddly-bo. Six recordings, a DVD, numerous national and international festival performances later, Willie King gained a substantial national and international reputation.

Ever since he first heard a blues musician play at his grandmother's juke joint over sixty years ago, Willie King was consumed by the blues. His life story is about great music, but equally it is about care, interest and concern for the community he grew up in - King's own definition of the "blues life."

The loss of this great blues man will be felt by fans and musicians all over the world who have been touched by his unique juke joint blues and uplifting message of peace, love and social justice.

The funeral is scheduled for Sunday, March 15th, and will be held at the City Hall in Aliceville, Alabama, with viewing the day before at Lavender's Funeral Service, Aliceville. Timing and other details will be posted, when available, at Willie King's web site,

Dear Robert,

I hear story after story about the underground economy that African Americans created in prohibition and in dry counties.... through the 20s 30s 40s and 50s to this day - where the sheriff gets a kickback from the juke joint owners and still owners. Willie King
has lots of those stories himself...he made moon shine, had a juke joint in Pickens County .....I know of lots of old blues players from that county many of them now dead. People had house parties (turned their own homes in to juke joints). Willie's grandmother had a juke joint in Pickens County. Sadly we haven't got a lot of information about Tuscaloosa county...but I know they existed - and even in my 30 years here they have existed.
The history dept is hoping to do some work on this area so if you have any ideas of people to talk to let please let us know! It is so important that this stuff is uncovered and the only way is by talking to the old folks.

Best wishes,
Debbie Bond

Thursday, March 12th

Dinah Washington Avenue
Unveiling Ceremony in Tuscaloosa

TCVB's Robert Ratliff and Lynette Rice
hold the "Dinah Washington Avenue" sign

The dedication of Dinah Washington Avenue will be
unveiled March 12, 2009 at 10:30 am at Kaulton Park.

Washington is a native of Tuscaloosa who was born Ruth Lee Jones. She won a Grammy in 1959 for her biggest hit, "What a Diff'rence a Day Makes." Despite her early death, she became one of the most influential vocalists of the twentieth century. Her music covered a wide range of styles from blues and R & B, to jazz and popular ballads. Known in her day as "Queen of the Blues" and "Queen of the Juke Boxes," Dinah was regarded as that rare "first take" artist, her studio recordings reflecting the same passion and energy she brought to every live performance. She was one of the few women of the period to run her own booking agency, Queen Productions.

"We are thrilled to have made the first step in honoring Ms. Washington," said Lynette Rice, Dinah Washington Committee's chairperson.

"This is all such a dream come true," says Alabama Blues Project director, Debbie Bond. "We are so happy that Dinah's son Robert Grayson is going to attend the ceremony! He is bringing his son, daughters, and their children. So three generations of Dinah's family will be represented. They are also planning to visit the Alabama Blues Project's after-school Blues Camp that will also be celebrating the life of Dinah Washington. ABP graduate Rachael Edwards is excited to be performing Dinah Washington material to the Blues Camp students and guests."

The dedication has been made possible by The City of Tuscaloosa, Tuscaloosa Convention and Visitors Bureau, and the Dinah Washington Committee.

In case of rain, the dedication will be held in the Jemison Van de Graaf Mansion on Greensboro Avenue.

More about Dinah Washington:
PhotobucketDinah Washington was born Ruth Lee Jones in 1924 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Moving with her family at a young age to Chicago, she went on to become one of the most distinctive singers of her time.

Heavily influenced by the musical talent of her mother, a gospel singer, Dinah became a gospel star at the age of fifteen. Her other major influences included the great artists Bessie Smith and Billy Holiday. In her all too brief recording and performing career, her music covered a wide range of styles from blues and R & B, to jazz and popular ballads.

She was discovered by the legendary Lionel Hampton at eighteen and performed with him from 1943-1946, before striking out on her own. The rest of her short life was spent largely on tour and in the studio, making the music that she loved.

By 1947 Dinah had hits with "Postman Blues," "Blow Top Blues" and "Evil Gal Blues." However, her biggest professional triumphs came later with blues tinged renditions of pop tunes like the 1959 Grammy-winning "What a Diff'rence a Day Makes" and the chart-topping "Baby, You've Got What it Takes," a sizzling duet with Brook Benton.

Dinah had a silken soprano and heartfelt voice that was confident, intimate and conversational. She was a distinctive song stylist, crossing over from the "race" music category to the pop and jazz charts. Known in her day as Queen of the Blues and Queen of the Juke
Boxes, Dinah was regarded as that rare "first take" artist, her studio recordings reflecting the same passion and energy she brought to every live performance. She was one of the few women of the period to run her own booking agency, Queen Productions.

Dinah Washington died in 1963 at age thirty-nine. She was in peak musical form at the time of her death, and one can only imagine what magic she would have recorded had she lived longer. Her legend continues through her recordings and through her tremendous influence on R & B, soul and blues singers including Ruth Brown, Etta James, Esther Phillips, Diana Ross, Dionne Warwick and Nancy Wilson. Her voice, charm, humor, and charisma remain as distinct today as when she recorded the songs that made her the Queen of the Blues.

I want to thank you , first of all, for having the heart and soul to remember artists with such HEART AND SOUL.

I know you are from Alabama and you have a passion for all things Alabama, but you are truly such a catalyst for all things musical!

Dinah Washington was one of the first diva singers in the world.

I think she influenced more chick singers (good ones) than just about anyone.

I believe sister no. one, Etta James would agree!

Willie King is right up there with the best of the blues guys!

Alabama has cultivated a whole lot of what we call heart felt music and soul!!

Thank God for folks like you and thank God for what you do to keep the folks informed of the real deal!!!

We love you brother!

Robert Nix and Alison Heafner................

Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Hey y'all~

Some of y'all know that two of my Grandpa Register's brothers were Geneva County Sheriffs.
Their uncle, John Forsyth Register, was the second sheriff of the county.

This is so terrible.

When my people were sheriff the biggest crime in Geneva County was

WWII changed that!

Album Coup de Coeur

"Down To The Cross' Rock !"

D'un impossible croisement entre Pat Benatar et Janis Joplin est née ALISON HEAFNER à Memphis Tennessee, patrie du Rock, du Blues et de la Soul. Après de multiples péripéties pour arriver à publier ce 1° album, force est de constater que le résultat est des plus convaincants.
Extrait de la chronique du site :
Capable de pousser ses notes en les accompagnant de jolis vibratos et de moduler ses gammes pour les rendre irrésistibles et leur permettre de faire passer diverses émotions, Alison Heafner s'affiche ouvertement comme une des toutes meilleures chanteuses de rock de sa génération, une de celle appelées à devenir au moins aussi renommée que Joan Jett, Patti Smith ou encore Marianne Faithfull, et ce n’est pas sa magnifique interprétation de la chanson de Bobby Gentry "Ode To Billy Joe" qui permettra à quiconque de venir affirmer le contraire ! On espère désormais qu'un label français ou européen aura la bonne idée de lui faire traverser l'Atlantique pour la présenter à des foules qui n'attendent plus qu’elle pour reprendre confiance dans le rock

° To The Moon
° Mista'Ssippi


Hoo Doo Man

"I swear I'm addicted to "Somebody Done HOO DOOed The HOO DOO MAN"...

On the soundclick charts Hoo Doo man has been as high as #10 out of 32165 songs. With a few more listens it could move up to #1.

Anytime you listen to it or get someone else to listen, it gets pushed closer to number 1.
I appreciate your liking it, nookie or no nookie.


Hello. I just found your blog post of last year concerning E.

Could you tell me why you posted the information about her?

I was born in Tuscaloosa but now live in S. Last summer, I met E., who also was a newcomer to the church. The assistant rector introduced us and later told me that E. gives music lessons to needy children and that she had just formed an orchestra made up of her young students. My husband and I enjoy music, he's a guitarist, and we found her program interesting. We questioned her, gave her the name of a guitar instructor and almost immediately she asked us to be on the board of a new not-for-profit she was in the process of establishing. My husband is a CPA and she seemed very eager to get his help with her new charity. E. told us she had come from Biloxi but left after Katrina, adding that she had been instrumental in beginning some sort of tourism event in Biloxi. E. also mentioned she had worked at Colonial Williamsburg and The White House, though she never elaborated on her work at either place.

A few members approached us and asked why we were getting involved with E.
They told us she had appeared at the church one day, touting her education and asking church leaders for a place to teach her students and hold concerts. We aren't the type to be discouraged from associations so we continued to listen to her plans and we attended the first concert of her students. It was very heartwarming to see so many young people interested in music and we planned to support her, though we did refuse her invitation to be on the board.

I Googled E.'s name tonight because our friend, the young music teacher, informed my husband that he hasn't been paid in two months. I immediately remembered the warnings we received about E. and began to Google her name. Although she told our confirmation class last Sunday that she was raised in the Episcopal church, she seems to have been affiliated with many churches and many denominations. She also lists several universities for her many degrees.
I was surprised to read she has two children and a grandchild - she has never mentioned them.

Please let me know how you know E. and what you know about her credentials.
Some people in the church have mentioned that they do not believe she holds a doctorate, their disbelief fueled by her rather mysterious demeanor.

My husband and I feel responsible for our young friend's dilemma. He likes teaching these S. children but needs to get paid and he wants to know if he should put faith in her

S. , AL

9 March 2009



by Associated Press

Berlin, Feb. 22.- Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler has conscripted the nation's cash to buy raw materials and consolidate debts.

In one of the shortest laws passed by the Nazi government, the hunt for liquid assets was begun and will spare none upon whom the reichminister of finance wishes to call for money.

Lutz Schwerin Von Krosigk, the finance chief, was given wide powers.

Von Krosigk may go to banks and demand loans.

He may go to private firms and individuals and insist upon their parting with such cash reserves as are not absolutely essential to their well-being.

In 1930 Hitler assumed command of the SA as its new Oberster SA-Führer. He sent a personal request to Röhm, asking that he return to serve as the SA's chief of staff. Röhm accepted this offer in 1931. Röhm brought radical new ideas to the SA and appointed several of his close friends to its senior leadership.

The SA now numbered over a million. Its traditional function of party leader escort had been given to the SS, but it continued its street battles with "Reds" and attacks on Jews. The SA also attacked or intimidated anyone deemed hostile to the Nazi programme: editors, professors, politicians, uncooperative local officials or businessmen.

Under Röhm, the SA also often took the side of workers in strikes and other labour disputes, attacking strikebreakers and supporting picket lines.

SA intimidation contributed to the rise of the Nazis, breaking down the electoral activity of the left-wing parties. But the SA's reputation for street violence, heavy drinking, and quasi-socialist radicalism was a hindrance.

Another hindrance was the more or less open homosexuality of Röhm and other SA leaders such as his deputy Edmund Heines. [1] In 1931, the Munich Post, a Socialist newspaper, obtained and published Röhm's letters to a friend in which Röhm discussed his sexual affairs with men. This resulted in a national scandal. The Nazis claimed that the letters were forged.[citation needed] Many writers have suggested Röhm and Heines allowed or encouraged SA promotions on the basis of sexual liaisons with themselves and other SA leaders.[citation needed] For example, SA Gruppenführer Karl Ernst had been a bouncer at a homosexual nightclub.[citation needed] This was in spite of the official Nazi policy which condemned homosexuality.

Röhm with Hitler, August 1933

By this time, Röhm and Hitler were so close that they addressed each other as du (the German familiar form of "you"). Besides Röhm, Göring and Goebbels were the only Nazis who used du with Hitler, and only Röhm addressed Hitler as "Adolf," rather than "mein Führer."[citation needed]

As Hitler secured national power in 1933, SA men became auxiliary police, and it was the SA that marched into local government offices to force officials to hand over authority to Nazis.

[edit] Second revolution

Röhm and the SA reguarded themselves as the vanguard of the "Nazi revolution". After Hitler's takeover, they expected radical changes in Germany, with power and rewards for them.

But Hitler's use of the SA as storm troopers was a political weapon he no longer needed.

Röhm had been one of the most prominent members of the Party's "socialist" faction. This group took the words "Sozialistische" and "Arbeiter" ("worker") in the Party's name literally. They largely rejected capitalism (which they associated with Jews), and pushed for nationalisation of major industrial firms, expanded worker control, confiscation and redistribution of the estates of the old aristocracy, and social equality. Röhm spoke of a "second revolution" against "reactionaries" (the Nazi label for conservatives), as the Nazis had previously dealt with the Communists and Socialists.

All this was threatening to the business community, which had supported Hitler's rise to power. So Hitler swiftly reassured businessmen that there would be no "second revolution". Many "storm troopers" were of working-class origins and had expected a socialist programme. They were now disappointed in this, and also by the new regime's failure to provide the lavish patronage expected. Röhm even publicly criticized Hitler for his failure to carry through the Nazi revolution.

Furthermore, Röhm and his SA colleagues thought of their force (now over three million strong) as the future army of Germany, replacing the Reichswehr and its professional officers, whom they viewed as "old fogies" who lacked "revolutionary spirit". Röhm wanted to be made Minister of Defense. In February, 1934 he demanded that the Reichswehr (which under the Treaty of Versailles was limited to 100,000 men) be merged into the SA to form a true "people's army".

With Kurt Daluege and Heinrich Himmler, August 1933

This was horrifying to the army, with its traditions going back to Frederick the Great. The army viewed the SA as a brawling mob of undisciplined street fighters, and had heard all the rumours of homosexuality and "corrupt morals" in the SA. The entire officer corps opposed Röhm's proposal, insisting honour and discipline would vanish if the SA gained control. And it appeared that the SA would settle for nothing less.

Hitler privately shared much of Röhm's animus toward the traditionalists in the army. But he had gained power with the army's support, and he wanted the army's support to succeed the ailing 86-year-old Hindenburg as President.

On April 11, Hitler met with German military leaders. Hitler informed them of Hindenburg's declining health and proposed that the Reichswehr support him as the next president. In exchange Hitler offered to reduce the SA, suppress Röhm's ambitions, and guarantee the Reichswehr would be Germany's only military force. Shirer asserts Hitler also promised to expand both the army and navy.

However, both the Reichswehr and business conservatives continued their anti-SA complaints to President von Hindenburg. In early June 1934, Blomberg, on Hindenburg's behalf, issued an ultimatum to Hitler: unless political tension in Germany ended, Hindenburg would likely declare martial law. Hitler was shocked to hear this from Blomberg, who up to that point had displayed a near lackey-like attitude toward him. However, when Hitler went to see the President himself, Hindenburg confirmed the ultimatum and, knowing such a step could forever deprive him of power, Hitler decided to carry out his pact with the Reichswehr to suppress the SA. This meant a showdown with Röhm. In Hitler's view, the army and the SA constituted the only remaining power centres in Germany that were independent - not reduced to submission to the Nazi state.

The army was willing, even eager to submit. Blomberg had the swastika added to the army's insignia in February, and ended the army's practice of preference for "old army" descent in new officers, replacing it with a requirement of "consonance with the new government."

Hitler & Röhm review SA troops

Meanwhile, Hitler had already begun preparing for the struggle. In January 1934, he ordered the secret police to gather incriminating evidence on Röhm, and in February he told British diplomat Anthony Eden that he planned to reduce the SA by two thirds. Also in February, he announced that the SA would be left only a few minor military functions.

Röhm responded with further complaints about Hitler, and began expanding the armed elements of the SA. To many it appeared as though the SA was planning or threatening a rebellion. In March, Röhm offered a compromise whereby a few thousand SA leaders would be taken into the army, but the army rejected it. [2]

[edit] Death

Although determined to curb the power of the SA, Hitler put off doing away with his long-time comrade to the very end. Himmler, Heydrich, and Göring used Röhm's published anti-Hitler rhetoric to support a claim that the SA was plotting to overthrow Hitler. By late June, this story had been officially recognised and Himmler was giving protective orders to the SS, while Sepp Dietrich went around showing army officers a purported SA execution list. Reports of the SA threat were passed to Hitler; it is possible that Himmler and his colleagues actually deceived Hitler into thinking the plot was real.

Meanwhile, Röhm and several of his cronies went away on holiday at a resort in Bad Wiessee. On June 28, Hitler phoned Röhm and asked him to gather all the SA leaders at Bad Wiessee on June 30 for a conference. Röhm agreed, apparently unsuspicious.

The day and night of June 30 marked the Night of the Long Knives, when the entire leadership of the SA was purged, along with many other political adversaries of the Nazis. At dawn that morning, Hitler flew to Munich and then drove to Bad Wiessee, where he personally arrested Röhm and the other SA leaders. All were imprisoned at Stadelheim Prison in Munich.

Hitler was uneasy authorising Röhm's execution and gave Röhm an opportunity to commit suicide. On July 2, he was visited by SS-Brigadeführer Theodor Eicke (then Kommandant of Dachau) and SS-Hauptsturmführer Michael Lippert, who lay a pistol on the table, told Röhm he had ten minutes to use it, and left. Röhm refused, saying "If Adolf wants to shoot me, he can do it himself".[citation needed] When Eicke and Lippert returned, he stood in the middle of the cell with his shirt opened, theatrically baring his chest as they shot him. Röhm was buried in the Westfriedhof (Western Cemetery) in Munich.

The purge of the SA was legalised the next day with a one-paragraph decree: the Law Regarding Measures of State Self-Defence. At this time no public reference was made to the alleged SA rebellion; instead there were generalised references to misconduct, perversion, and some sort of plot. John Toland noted that Hitler had long been privately aware that Röhm and his SA associates were homosexuals, but said nothing, though he of course disapproved. Nazi propaganda now made use of their sexual orientation as justification of the executions.

A few days later, the claim of an incipient SA rebellion was publicised and became the official reason for the entire wave of arrests and executions. Indeed the affair was labeled the "Röhm-putsch" by German historians, though after World War II it has usually been modified as the "alleged Röhm-putsch". In a speech on July 13, Hitler alluded to Röhm's homosexuality and explained the purge as chiefly defence against treason. [3]


Hermann Goering's legacy cannot be separated from the legacy of Adolf Hitler and Nazism, which includes the Holocaust and millions of other casualties. He was able to use his position to benefit himself. The confiscation of Jewish property gave Göring great opportunities to amass a personal fortune. Some properties he seized himself, or acquired for a nominal price. In other cases, he collected fat bribes for allowing others to grab Jewish property. He also took kickbacks from industrialists for favorable decisions as Four Year Plan director.

Göring was also noted for his patronage of music, especially opera. He entertained frequently and lavishly. Most infamously, he collected art, looting from numerous museums (some in Germany itself), stealing from Jewish collectors, or buying for a song in occupied countries.

When Göring was promoted to the unique rank of Reichsmarschall, he designed an elaborate personal flag for himself. The design included a German eagle, swastika, and crossed marshal's batons on one side, and on the other Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes ("Grand Cross of the Iron Cross") between four Luftwaffe eagles. He had the flag carried by a personal standard-bearer at all public occasions.